What to Do After University? Exploring Industries and Job Prospects

October 24, 2023
5 min read
Cress Warnell

Are you nearing the end of your university journey and wondering what lies ahead? Embarking on the post-university phase can be both exhilarating and daunting as the opportunities are vast.

In this article, we will delve into various industries and job prospects that await you after completing your university education. Whether you studied business, engineering, arts, or any other field, we will highlight the growth opportunities that are relevant to your area of expertise. 

After completing your undergraduate degree, you may consider pursuing further education to expand your knowledge and enhance your career prospects. Here are some options to explore:

Further Education

Postgraduate education can be incredibly beneficial for those willing to take an extra step to stand out from the crowd and impress future employees. Some examples of postgraduate course could include:

Postgraduate Degrees

A postgraduate degree, such as a master's or PhD, for those who have completed their university degree, can provide you with specialised knowledge in a specific field or industry, and can open up advanced career opportunities as you stand out in the competitive job market.

Master's Degrees

A master's degree not only deepens your understanding of your chosen subject, but also enhances your critical thinking and research abilities. It can be beneficial if you have a specific career path in mind or if you want to delve into academia.


If you have a passion for research and want to contribute to the advancement of knowledge in your field, pursuing a PhD or engaging in advanced studies can be a fulfilling option - this path often leads to academic or research positions in graduate jobs.

Consider further education in the form of postgraduate study as a valuable investment in your future, as it can equip you with the necessary qualifications and expertise to excel in your chosen career path, or even in starting your own business and landing your dream job!

Professional Certifications

Obtaining professional certifications related to your field can improve your skill set and demonstrate your expertise. These certifications can give you a competitive edge and increase your chances of landing a rewarding job. 

Specialised Summer Courses

Enrolling in a specialised summer school course can further develop your skills in a specific area of interest - these postgraduate courses are designed to provide in-depth knowledge and practical training, allowing you to specialise in a particular niche.

Job Search Strategies

After completing university, one of the most important steps is to embark on a graduate job search to kickstart your career. 

Here are some effective job search strategies for university graduates:

Creating impactful CVs and resumes

Your CV or resume is often the first impression potential employers have of you, making it crucial to have it stand out and highlight your relevant skills and experiences. You should personalise or tailor your CV to each job application, making sure to emphasise the qualifications, achievements and personal qualities you have that align with the specific role.

Networking and attending career fairs

Networking is an invaluable tool when trying to secure job opportunities. 

Some ways to do this include reaching out to professionals in your desired field, attending industry events, and actively participating in career fairs. Building connections can lead to valuable job leads, mentorship opportunities, and a deeper understanding of the industry you are trying to make your name in.

Online job portals and recruitment agencies

You should take advantage of online job portals and recruitment agencies to expand your job search; these platforms provide access to a wide range of job opportunities and allow you to connect directly with employers. All you need to do is upload your CV to these portals, and regularly search for relevant positions to stay updated on current job openings.

By implementing these job search strategies, you can increase your chances of finding the right job after university (preferably one that doesn't pay minimum wage!), and kickstart your career on a strong note.

Gap Year and Travel Opportunities

Choosing to take a gap year after university can provide you with personal growth opportunities and unique experiences that you may not have the chance to have again in life - a gap year is a chance to explore the world, discover new cultures and learn about yourself and the world we live in.

There are various options for your gap year; including volunteering abroad, backpacking adventures, and working holiday programs, or even teach english abroad:

Volunteering abroad allows you to give back to communities in need and make a positive impact on society, while learning about how different places have different priorities and how to cater to these.

Backpacking is a popular choice among recent graduates as you get to travel to different countries, meet new people, and immerse yourself in cultures that you may not be used to. It is a chance to step out of your comfort zone and gain independence.

Working holiday programs provide the opportunity to work and travel at the same time, allowing you to experience different job markets and gain valuable knowledge and work experience in a foreign country - which a potential employer would be greatly impressed by.

Here are some tips for making the most of your travel opportunities after the stress of university life:

  • Research and plan ahead to make the most out of your time and budget.
  • Consider joining travel groups or programs to meet fellow travellers and have a support network.
  • Embrace new experiences and be open-minded.
  • Learn basic language skills to communicate with locals.
  • Keep a journal or start a blog to document your journey and share it with others.
  • Stay safe by being aware of your surroundings and following local customs and laws.
  • Make meaningful connections with people you meet along the way.
  • Reflect on your experiences and how they have shaped you as a person; make sure to learn and retain the information from your time exploring and experiencing different cultures and parts of our beautiful world.

Remember, a gap year or travel opportunity can provide you with valuable life experiences and help you gain a fresh perspective on your future goals and aspirations. So, pack your bags and embark on an adventure of a lifetime!

Starting a Business or Entrepreneurship

Are you interested in being your own boss and turning your innovative ideas into a successful venture? Starting a business or becoming an entrepreneur in your life after university could be the right path for you. 

Here are some essential steps to consider:

Market research and business planning guidance

Before diving into the world of entrepreneurship, it's crucial to conduct thorough market research on the industry you plan to create and launch your business in. 

This will help you identify your target audience, understand market trends, determine which working environment would most help you in succeeding, and assess potential competition, as well as aiding you in creating a comprehensive business plan that will provide a roadmap for your venture; outlining your business goals, strategies, and financial projections.

Funding options and legal requirements for starting a business

One of the key challenges for new entrepreneurs is securing funding for their business. We recommend you research various funding options, such as bank loans, grants, or angel investors, and determine which is the best fit for your business needs. It's also vital to familiarise yourself with the legal requirements and regulations that govern starting a business in your desired industry, to ensure you are not starting your business idea on a whim but instead as a well thought out decision.

Advice for aspiring entrepreneurs

Embarking on an entrepreneurial journey can be both exciting and challenging; to set yourself up for success you should make sure to:

  • Consider seeking advice from experienced entrepreneurs, or joining networking groups to learn from their experiences. 
  • Surround yourself with a supportive community that can provide guidance, mentorship, and valuable connections. 
  • Stay motivated, embrace failures as learning opportunities, and continuously educate yourself about the latest business trends and innovations.

Graduate Schemes and Internships

Practical experience through graduate schemes and internships

Graduate schemes and internships are valuable opportunities for recent university graduates to gain practical experience in their field of study. These programs provide hands-on training and exposure to real-world work environments, helping recently graduated young professionals develop their skills and transition smoothly into the professional world.

Organisations offering these programs

There are numerous organisations that offer graduate schemes and internships, ranging from large corporations to non-profit organisations. 

These programs can be found in various industries, including finance, marketing, engineering, technology, and so many more. It's important to research the industry you are wanting to get an internship in, and find the most respectable organisations that offer career progression, and the most value and learning opportunities.

Application processes and benefits of gaining work experience

Applying for graduate schemes and internships typically involves submitting a resume, cover letter, and sometimes completing an online application or attending an interview. 

In addition to gaining practical skills and industry knowledge and improving your employability, there are several benefits to participating in these programs. These include:

  • Networking opportunities: Connecting with professionals in your field and building relationships that can help kickstart your career.
  • Enhanced employability: Stand out to potential employers by demonstrating your commitment to professional development and your willingness to learn.
  • Industry insight: Gain a deeper understanding of your chosen industry, its trends, and the skills and qualifications required to succeed.
  • Confidence and self-esteem: By successfully completing a graduate scheme or internship, you will likely develop more confidence in your abilities as well as a sense of achievement.

Overall, participating in a graduate scheme or internship can significantly enhance your career prospects and provide you with a solid foundation for future success.

Professional Development and Skill-Building

Investing in your professional development is essential in today's competitive job market. The job search currently can be incredibly tough, so make sure to build your skills and develop yourself and your abilities through continuous learning and skill development, as they not only enhance your employability but also provide you with the necessary tools to succeed in your chosen field.

There are plenty of opportunities available for further honing your skills and gaining new knowledge, for example professional courses, workshops, and online certifications are all excellent options to consider. These programs offer specialised training tailored to specific industries, allowing you to stay updated on the latest trends and developments.

Industry-specific training is particularly valuable, as it equips you with the expertise and understanding required to stand out from the competition. By acquiring cutting-edge skills, you demonstrate your commitment to excellence and your dedication to staying ahead of the curve.

Financial stability

Managing personal finances can be a challenging task, especially as you transition from university to the working world - the student loan is no longer rolling in, and so as part of graduate life you will have to be more conscious about your spending habits.

Developing strong financial habits and setting clear goals can go a long way in ensuring your financial well-being. 

One great money saving tip is to open a graduate bank account; this can help in maintaining stability in your finances, as graduate accounts continue to provide student discounts - some student bank accounts will automatically become graduate accounts for up to three years after you have graduated university, but sometimes this is a manual process you will have to take.

Managing Personal Finances and Creating Budgets

One of the first steps towards financial stability is to effectively manage your personal finances. 

This involves understanding your income, expenses, and setting up a budget that aligns with your financial goals - by tracking and categorising your expenses, you can identify areas where you can cut back and save money. Creating a monthly budget will give you a clear picture of your financial situation and help you make informed decisions.

Understanding Student Loans and Saving for the Future

If you have acquired student loans to support your education, it is essential to understand the terms and conditions associated with them. Educate yourself about interest rates, repayment options, and any potential government programs that can assist you in managing your student loans. 

Additionally, it is never too early to start saving for your future; consider setting up a savings account and contributing regularly to build a solid financial foundation.

Establishing Strong Financial Habits and Goals

Developing strong financial habits early on can set you up for long-term financial success - this can include cultivating habits such as tracking your expenses, living within your means, and avoiding unnecessary debt. 

Setting financial goals is equally important. Whether you aim to pay off your student loans within a specific timeframe or save for a down payment on a house, having clear objectives will help you stay focused and motivated.

Work-Life Balance and Personal Growth

Strategies for achieving a healthy work-life balance should include:

  • Set clear boundaries between work and personal life
  • Prioritise self-care activities such as exercise, relaxation, and hobbies
  • Schedule dedicated time for family and friends
  • Learn to delegate or outsource tasks when possible
  • Utilise time management techniques to optimise productivity

Some techniques for managing stress and maintaining mental well-being:

  • Practice stress management techniques like meditation or deep breathing
  • Engage in regular physical activity to reduce stress
  • Seek out support networks or counselling if needed
  • Create and maintain a positive work environment
  • Take breaks and vacations to recharge and avoid burnout

For fulfilling personal aspirations alongside professional lives you should:

  • Set personal goals and create a plan to achieve them
  • Identify and pursue hobbies or activities that bring joy
  • Find ways to incorporate personal interests into professional life
  • Continuously learn and grow through personal development activities
  • Embrace opportunities for lifelong learning

Engaging in hobbies and personal growth activities such as:

  • Explore new hobbies or revisit old ones
  • Join clubs or organisations related to personal interests
  • Invest time in self-reflection and self-improvement
  • Expand knowledge and skills through workshops or courses
  • Challenge yourself to try new things and step out of your comfort zone


If you have any questions about postgraduate life after university, or would like to talk to one of our educated team members about anything education or post-study related, please don't hesitate to contact Summer Schools today!

Cress Warnell

Cress is a skilled copywriter who transforms ideas into captivating content. With a passion for words and a keen eye for detail, she crafts compelling copy for Summer Schools, helping students explore their options in education.

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